The network can be that of any of the wireless communication technologies like gsm, cdma, wireless local loop, wifi, wimax or other wide area network. Radio signals are fed through cables to the antennas and then launched as radio waves into the area, or cell, around the base station. The bcf is implemented as a discrete unit or even incorporated in a trx in compact base stations. The combined systems often including multiple colocated systems and ganged directional antennae is called a cellsite, a base station, or a base transceiver station bts. They serve as the flagship gsm product line for adc mobile network solutions. Base transceiver station as an interface between mobile devicesubscriber and fixed network, base transceiver stations are an important element of the worldwide. Functional blocks edit a base transceiver station bts has four main blocks or logical entities. Thermal design of a base transceiver station using macroflow. Shahbazigahrouei d1, karbalae m, moradi ha, baradaranghahfarokhi m. The intent of this section is to explore the role of base stations in communications systems, and. Oct 22, 20 installation base transceiver station equipment imn.
Maruyama et al base transceiver station for wcdma system ing of the receive signal figure 5. The combination of high internal heat density and hostile outside. Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver. Base transceiver station bts for mobile communication includes several single phase rectifiers to feed batteries and amplifiers with over five kilowatt rated power in iran. The other end of that radio link is the bts, which not only does a lot of work for your one phone, but also does a lot of work. A parent base station controller bsc controls all btss via the base station control function bcf either a separate unit or integrated with the trx for compact base stations. This paper is a response to a december 1999 call for contributions, for 802. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. There are many types of faults that will result in different. They bring wimax operators flexibility and cost savings while retaining the. A base transceiver system bts is a system in a mobile communication network.
Along with an indepth commentary on the key influencing factors, market statistics in terms of revenues, segmentwise data, regionwise data, and countrywise data are offered in the full study. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Figure 1 shows the implementation areas for each type of. The transceiver connects the user equipment, known as ue, to a specified communication network. The bts is the networking component of a mobile communications system from which all signals are sent and received. Base transceiver station bts market global industry. The obsai reference architecture defines four functional blocks, interfaces between them, and requirements for external interfaces. The subscriber device can be mobile phone, wireless internet devices while the operator network could. Base transceiver station and base station controller tasks of a bss are distributed over bsc and bts q bts comprises radio specific functions q bsc is the switching center for radio channels functions bts bsc management of radio channels x frequency hopping fh x x management of terrestrial channels x mapping of terrestrial onto radio channels x. A base transceiver station bts is a piece of network equipment that facilitates wireless communication between a device and network.
Antennas that relay radio messages transceivers duplexers amplifiers a bts is a. Base transceiver station software free download base. The design philosophy has been to use advanced technology in order to create a point to multipoint system with high bandwidth efficiency, and comparatively large range. Start this article has been rated as startclass on the projects quality scale. Calculation of the mean output power of base transceiver station in gsm p.
Base transceiver station an overview ava systems signals. Mobile radio service was highpowered equipment, at a fixed central location. They operate as an intermediary between the sender and the receiver. Jan 09, 2014 a parent base station controller bsc controls all btss via the base station control function bcf either a separate unit or integrated with the trx for compact base stations. The offered trafc to all trafc channels in bts is a. Calculation of the mean output power of base transceiver. Monitoring and optimization of energy consumption of base.
Telecommunications networks are critical economic and social infrastructure used by over three billion people in the world every day. Base transceiver station how is base transceiver station. There are more than 30000 bts in iran which inject large amount of current harmonics to distribution systems. Pdf techniques for minimizing power consumption of base. The base transceiver station bts the base station controller bsc the bts and the bsc communicate across the specified abis interface, enabling operations between components that are made by different suppliers. Gsm features power control of mobile stations and optionally the base stations. A base transceiver station bts, also called as radio base station rbs, is an equipment that enables wireless communication between user equipment, such as mobile phones, wll phones and computers, and a network. Title base transceiver station antenna date submitted 19991228 source ray blasing endgate corp.
The radio components of a bss may consist of four to seven or nine cells. Brief on environmental issues of base transceiver stations bts bts are radio transmitters mounted on either freestanding masts or on buildings. The hope was that an open market would reduce the development effort and costs traditionally associated with creating base station products. Base transceiver station bts formal as part of a cellular network, a base transceiver station bts has equipment for the encryption and decryption of communications, spectrum filtering equipment, antennas and transceivers trx to name a few. Open base station architecture initiative wikipedia. Bts is short for base transceiver station in mobile communications, a bts holds the radio transceivers that define a cell and coordinates the radiolink protocols with the mobile device. Base transceiver station, free base transceiver station software downloads, page 3.
Dtmfch dual band base station radio ham radio china,amateur radio equipment,ham radio transceiver 1. Ues are devices like mobile phones handsets, wll phones, computers with wireless internet connectivity, wifi and wimax devices and others. Page 1 ultrawave msc, bsc and bts work handinhand to reduce the total cost of network ownership, providing a network growth path for existing and future customers, and expand the addressable markets of adcs gsm products. Base transceiver station antenna ieee 802 lanman standards. Though most of us would not even be aware of the term bts, over 80% of indias population is using this technology to stay connected via their wireless network devices. It is hoped that the model can also be the basis for standardization of base station components. Fault analysis and fault tolerance of a base station. Base station control function bcf this station is ensured by station unit module suma. The open base station architecture initiative obsai was a trade association created by hyundai, lg electronics, nokia, samsung and zte in september 2002 with the aim of creating an open market for cellular network base stations. Base transceiver station equipment linkedin slideshare. Ues are devices like mobile phones handsets, wll phones, computers with wireless internet connectivity. As the exposure from these base stations is regarded as being low power, nevertheless, their output is continuous khurana et al. Gis supporting the plan of bts base transceiver stations for mobile network in urban context article pdf available in wseas transactions on communications 88.
The entire base station control and the base band signal processing continue to take place in the base station, where the last unit, an sfp transceiver, carries out electro optical data. Radio frequency rf block, baseband block, control and clock block, and transport block. Installation base transceiver station equipment imn. Page 2 ultrawave bts gsm base transceiver station the ultrawave bts supports up to twelve. Such stations tend to be owned by one or a combination of communication companies. The base transceiver station being set up by the respondents is hazardous since it emits radiation wellknown to be a major cause of cancer, neurone behavioural symptoms, sleeping problems, cognitive performance and infertility among men, the residents say in suit papers. A base transceiver stationor bts has many componentsindore components ex.
Another study has analyzed the strategy for the reduction of unnecessary use of energy consumption of base transceiver stations by using monte carlo simulation method for experimental data. Pdf physical limitations of the wired line communication systems in satisfying the. Brief on base transceiver stations bts environment. The bcf provides a connection to the network management system nms and manages the transceiver s operational states. Theoretical power consumption of base transceiver station bts. Base station subsystem bss bss consists of base station controller and one or more base transceiver stations bts each bts defines a single cell oincludes radio antenna, radio transceiver and a link to a base station controller bsc bsc reserves radio frequencies, manages handoff of mobile unit from one cell to. These bts towers look heavily laden with wires and have some triangular structures all through with electronic system at its base.
Base transciever station bts the bts is a telecoms infrastructure used to facilitate wireless communication between subscriber device and telecoms operator network. The combined systems often including multiple colocated systems and ganged directional antennae is called a cell. Oct 29, 2014 a base transceiver station bts is a piece of equipment that facilitates wireless communication between user equipment ue and a network. In a cellular telephone system, a phone is a collection of little radios, one of which is dedicated to the cell system. Main distribution bordmdb,rectifier,environment monitoring uniteemu,dc ventilation systemdvs,air conditioner,generator,battery bankbb,bts cabinet or rbs,transmit ion rack,aviation light controller etc.
Pdf gis supporting the plan of bts base transceiver. Introduction the universal service provision fund uspf was established by the federal government of nigeria to facilitate the achievement of national policy goals for universal service and universal access to. A base transceiver station bts is a piece of equipment that facilitates wireless communication between user equipment ue and a network. Markov is supposed that each connection occupies one channel. This remote radio head rrh is linked to the base station by fiber optic cables. This study is one of the most comprehensive documentation that captures all the facets of the evolving base transceiver station bts market. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A base station transceiver allows wireless and radio communication to take place. Base station system structure wireless innovation forum. The subscriber device can be mobile phone, wireless internet devices while the operator network could be a gsm, cdma or tdma platform. This article is within the scope of wikiproject telecommunications, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of telecommunications on wikipedia. The stationary component of a cellphone system includes transmitreceive units and one or more antennae. The network can be that of any of the wireless communication technologies like gsm, cdma, wireless local loop, wan.
As part of a cellular network, a base transceiver station bts has equipment for the encryption and decryption of communications, spectrum filtering equipment, antennas and transceivers trx to name a few. Sometimes, an entire base station, plus its tower, is improperly referred to as a base transceiver station bts or cell phone tower. Dec 11, 2012 base station control function bcf this station is ensured by station unit module suma. In isfahan, mobile phone base transceiver station bts antennas are mostly found ubiquitously, especially near or on homes, hospitals, shops, daycare centers. Base transceiver station an overview a cellular tower several meters high is not an uncommon sight as we drive along a highway or watch out from the train.38 322 346 167 686 798 1078 881 1366 1302 316 422 1552 1232 209 131 319 674 1495 678 3 1221 1327 1188 43 580 1339 1481 956 610 763 553 126 334